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Citing Sources: ACS Style

Find out how to create citations and works cited!

ACS Style (Chemistry)

CASSI

With ACS, you need to abbreviate the names of scientific journals.

For example, the Journal of the American Chemical Society would be J. Am. Chem. Soc. 

To turn a scientific journal title into an abbreviation, visit CASSI

ACS Style Guide

ACS has provided the chapter for references (from the ACS Style Guide) on their website for free:

ACS Style Guide, Chapter 14: References

Frequent Errors

Check your ACS citations for these details:

  • Put spaces between the elements and after punctuation, just as you would in a regular sentence.
  • Remove hyperlinks. The URL should not be blue or underlined (in Word: right-click on the hyperlink --> remove hyperlink).
  • For journals, the year should be in bold.
  • For journals, volume numbers are in italics.
  • For journals, if there is an issue number, include it in parentheses.
  • For scientific journals, use the CASSI abbreviation for the journal name. If the journal is not in CASSI, use the full journal name.
  • End the citation with a period.

 

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Q & A About ACS

Question: Do I use a permalink or the URL from the address bar?

Answer: For the Chemistry 142 annotated bibliography, when using an article from one of the library's databases, use the permalink for the article rather than the URL from the browser's address bar.

In EBSCOhost databases, look for the permalink on the right bar:

 

Question: The URL or permalink is very long, and it causes a big gap of white space at the end of the line. Should I break it up?

Answer: No. For the Chemistry 142 annotated bibliography assignment, don't worry about the white space; let the URL or permalink wrap naturally.

Question: Do I include the article title?

Answer: Yes. Although the ACS Style Guide says journal titles are optional information, it also says they can be "desirable to highlight the contents." For CHEM 142, including the article title will make it easier to share annotated bibliographies with classmates.

Question: Do I use title case or sentence case for the article title?

Answer: For CHEM 142, use title case, where all the main words of a title are capitalized. (The ACS Style Guide has a slight variation for ACS publications -- you can ignore that.)

Question: Should I use a URL or a DOI?

Answer: If there is no permalink, use the DOI if one is available. If there is no DOI, use the URL from the browser.